Sea Creatures – the miraculous cuttlefish

 

Cuttlefish are marine animals of the order Sepiida. They belong to the class Cephalopoda (which also includes squid, octopuses, and nautiluses). Despite their name, cuttlefish are not fish but molluscs.

Cuttlefish have an internal shell (the cuttlebone), eight arms and two tentacles furnished with denticulated suckers, with which they secure their prey. They generally range in size from 15 cm (5.9 in) to 25 cm (9.8 in), with the largest species, Sepia apama, reaching 50 cm (20 in) in mantle length and over 10.5 kg (23 lb) in weight.[1]

Cuttlefish eat small molluscs, crabs, shrimp, fish, octopuses, worms, and other cuttlefish. Their predators include dolphins, sharks, fish, seals, seabirds and other cuttlefish. Their life expectancy is about one to two years. Recent studies indicate that cuttlefish are among the most intelligent invertebrates.[2] Cuttlefish also have one of the largest brain-to-body size ratios of all invertebrates.[2]

The ‘cuttle’ in ‘cuttlefish’ comes from the¬†Old English¬†word¬†cudele, meaning ‘cuttlefish’, which may be cognate with the¬†Old Norse¬†koddi¬†(‘cushion’) and the¬†Middle Low German¬†k√ľdel¬†(‘pouch’). The Greco-Roman world valued the cephalopod as a source of the unique brown¬†pigment¬†that the creature releases from its siphon when it is alarmed. The word for it in both¬†Greek¬†and¬†Latin,¬†sepia, is now used to refer to¬†a brown pigment¬†in English.

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